More Rights To Protect. Do You Like To Hike?

Hiking Buddies

President NAPgA

Are you an outdoors person?  Do you hike?  Many people who do heavy-duty outdoor hiking and climbing have found that carrying 50-100 on their backs is just too much.  And, many now own Pack Goats as their companion and helper.  So why is the government trying to stop these people with born, raised, and bonded pack goats (not fielded, pastured, farmed or milked) from taking them into the forests?  Larry Robinson, President of NAPgA, North American Pack Goat Association says:

The North American Pack Goat Association’s (NAPgA) Troubles in the Winds

In November of 2011, the Shoshone National Forest summarily closed the Wind River Range to pack goats. Ostensibly, it was because they represented a threat to the Bighorn Sheep (BHS) there. Prior to the closure, the NAPgA Land Use committee presented the Shoshone NF with 12 ‘Best Management Practices that we had formulated to give the NF managers assurance that we could not be a threat to the BHS.

In spite of these efforts, on November 2011, the lion’s share of the Wind River Range was closed to goats. During the Fall of 2012 and during the public comment period, we did a 2000+ mailing attempting to write the Shoshone NF opposing the elimination of goats from the forest.

So, nothing to do but wait for the FEIS, expected October 2013, right? After all this is a one-time issue, confined to Wyoming isn’t it?? Sadly, not remotely!

Subsequent to the end of the Shoshone NF public comment period, I became aware that the Inyo NF had reinstated a closure to goats similar to the Winds. Radar is now tuned to long-range. More research indicates that Wallow-Whitman in Oregon is also redoing their forest plan and the operative statement in their plan is, “No pack goats in BHS habitat, or adjacent to BHS habitat. So the reality begins to coalesce that this is not by any stretch of the imagination a limited action, and there is most assuredly an agenda to eliminate goats from the forests period.

Further research indicates that 8 other forest agencies have been instructed to re-accomplish their forest plans. It is time for everyone to put his or her antennas up to full height. It may be goats now, but they will eventually come with the lance for your particular ‘ox’!

He Authored “Ben Hur” and died on this Day in February, 1905

On this day, February l5, l905, Lewis Wallace, the author of Ben Hur, died. Lew left behind him a lifetime of political and military accomplishments. The world, however, remembers him chiefly as the author of the novel Ben Hur, which he subtitled, “a tale of the Christ.”

Lew Wallace was born in 1827, the son of an Indiana governor. As a young man he served in the United States’ war with Mexico. After the war, he studied law, set up a law practice, and served in the Indiana State Senate.

When the Civil War broke out, he immediately re-enlisted and rose to the rank of Major General. In 1864, he fought–and lost–the Battle of Monocacy, but he held his position long enough to allow union defenders to reach Washington, D.C., preventing its capture by Confederate general Jubal Early. After the war, Lew served on the court martial that tried Lincoln’s assassins.

Lew was inspired to write novels after reading Prescott’s Conquest of Mexico. His first novel, The Fair God, was about those events. His second novel, Ben Hur, was conceived after sitting on a train, listening spellbound for two hours, while the agnostic Colonel Robert Ingersoll, poured out “a medley of argument, eloquence, wit, satire, audacity, irreverence, poetry, brilliant antitheses, and pungent excoriation of believers in God, Christ, and Heaven, the like of which I had never heard.”

Until then, Lew had been indifferent to the claims of religion (although he loved the story of the wise men and had begun a tale about them). “… Yet here was I now moved as never before, and by what? The most outright denials of all human knowledge of God, Christ, Heaven… Was the Colonel right? What had I on which to answer yes or no? He had made me ashamed of my ignorance: and then–here is the unexpected of the affair–as I walked on in the cool darkness, I was aroused for the first time in my life to the importance of religion… I thought of the manuscript in my desk. Its closing scene was the child Christ in the cave by Bethlehem: why not go on with the story down to the crucifixion? That would make a book, and compel me to study everything of pertinency; after which, possibly, I would be possessed of opinions of real value.

“It only remains to say that I did as resolved, with results–first, the book Ben Hur, and second, a conviction amounting to absolute belief in God and the Divinity of Christ.”

While governor of New Mexico, Lew wrote his dramatic story. Though never a member of a church, he became the best selling religious author of his day. Ben Hur sold 300,000 copies within ten years, and was translated into dozens of languages, including Arabic and Chinese.

The year after Ben Hur was published in 1880, Wallace began a four-year term as U.S. ambassador to Turkey, where he cultivated very good relations with the Sultan. The last years of his life Wallace spent as a public lecturer. Today his statue stands in the Capitol building at Washington, representing the State of Indiana.


  1. Adapted from an earlier Christian History Institute story.
  2. Cambridge History of English and American Literature in 18 Volumes. 1907.
  3. General Lew Wallace Study and Museum.
  4. Morsberger, Robert E. and Morsberger, Katherine M. Lew Wallace: Militant Romantic. McGraw Hill, 1980.
  5. Wallace, Lew. The Illustrated Ben-Hur. Bonanza, 1978.
  6. “Wallace, Lewis.” Encyclopedia Americana. Chicago: American Corp., 1954.

Last updated June, 2007


I Love Giraffes Now

I cringed when the other kids called me a giraffe in elementary school

I cringed when the other kids called me a giraffe in elementary school

It seemed a disadvantage being the tallest girl in the class until I left for college.  All of a sudden, long legs weren’t so bad for a young lady.   The older you get and the more confidence you gain, you begin to accept yourself just the way you were made.  After all, God thought it up, so it has to be good, right?  God is good.  Therefore, if I love Him and He made me, then I am OK, right?  Well, If I follow Him, then I am OK.